Anti-adhesive Property of Maize Leaf Surface Related with Temperature and Humidity
Time: 2017-09-06 16:25  Click:561

The anti-adhesive surfaces have always aroused great interest of worldwide scientists and engineers. But in practical applications, it often faces the threat and impact of temperature and humidity. In this work, the excellent anti-adhesive performance of maize leaf under high temperature and humidity were investigated in detail. Firstly, the adhesion forces of the maize leaf surface under different temperature and humidity were measured by using Atomic Force Microscopy (AFM). The temperature of the substrate was varied between 23 °C to 100 °C, and the ambient relative humidity is from 18% to 100%. It was found that the adhesion force of maize leaf decreased with the increase of temperature and humidity. The mechanism of its excellent anti-adhesive performance of maize leaf under high temperature and relative humidity was revealed. The transverse and longitudinal ridges on maize leaf surface interlace with each other, forming small air pockets, which reduces the actual contact area between the object and the maize leaf. With the increase of humidity, the liquid film will be formed in the air pockets gradually and so much water vapor is produced with increase of temperature. Then the air flow rate increases though the wavy top of transverse ridges, inducing the dramatic decrease of adhesion force. Inspired by this mechanism, four samples with this bionic structure were made. This functional “biomimetic structure” would have potential value in the wide medical equipments such as high frequency electric knife with anti-adhesion surface under high temperature and high humidity.

This work is carried out by Zhiwu Han1 , Jia Fu1 , Yuqiang Fang2 , Junqiu Zhang1 , Shichao Niu1 , Luquan Ren1

1. Key Laboratory of Bionic Engineering (Ministry of Education, China), Jilin University, Changchun 130022, China
2. School of Mechanical Science and Engineering, Jilin University, Changchun 130022, China
and published on the JBE Volume 14, Issue 3, July 2017, Pages 540-548
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