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[2021-Vol.18-Issue 6]A Review of Research on the Mechanical Design of Hoverable Flapping Wing Micro-Air Vehicles
Post: 2021-12-23 10:30  View:259

Journal of Bionic Engineering (2021) 18:1235–1254 https://doi.org/10.1007/s42235-021-00118-4

A Review of Research on the Mechanical Design of Hoverable Flapping Wing Micro?Air Vehicles 

Shengjie Xiao1  · Kai Hu1  · Binxiao Huang1  · Huichao Deng1  · Xilun Ding1,2 

1 Robotics Institute, Beihang University, Beijing 100191, China 
2 Beijing Advanced Innovation Center for Biomedical Engineer, Beihang University, Beijing 100191, China

Abstract Most insects and hummingbirds can generate lift during both upstroke and downstroke with a nearly horizontal fapping stroke plane, and perform precise hovering fight. Further, most birds can utilize tails and muscles in wings to actively control the fight performance, while insects control their fight with muscles based on wing root along with wing’s passive deformation. Based on the above fight principles of birds and insects, Flapping Wing Micro Air Vehicles (FWMAVs) are classifed as either bird-inspired or insect-inspired FWMAVs. In this review, the research achievements on mechanisms of insect-inspired, hoverable FWMAVs over the last ten years (2011–2020) are provided. We also provide the defnition, function, research status and development prospect of hoverable FWMAVs. Then discuss it from three aspects: bio-inspiration, motor-driving mechanisms and intelligent actuator-driving mechanisms. Following this, research groups involved in insectinspired, hoverable FWMAV research and their major achievements are summarized and classifed in tables. Problems, trends and challenges about the mechanism are compiled and presented. Finally, this paper presents conclusions about research on mechanical structure, and the future is discussed to enable further research interests. 

Keywords Hoverable · Flapping wing · Insect-inspired · Mechanical design · Motor drive · Intelligent actuator

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Research achievements of hoverable FWMAVs

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