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[2022-Vol.19-Issue 2]Exploration of Rare-Earth Element Sc to Enhance Microstructure, Mechanical Properties and Corrosion Resistance of Zr–8.8Si Biomedical Alloy
Post: 2022-04-07 20:46  View:148

Journal of Bionic Engineering (2022) 19:530–546  https://doi.org/10.1007/s42235-021-00139-z 

Exploration of Rare-Earth Element Sc to Enhance Microstructure, Mechanical Properties and Corrosion Resistance of Zr–8.8Si Biomedical Alloy 

Yaokun Fu1,2 · Liying Luo1,2 · Chengxia Wei1,2,3 · Yongzhong Zhan1,2 

1 School of Resources, Environment and Materials, Guangxi University, Nanning 530004, China
2 Guangxi Key Laboratory of Processing for Non-Ferrous Metal and Featured Materials, Guangxi University, Nanning 530004, China
3 Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Southern University of Science and Technology, Shenzhen 518000, China

Abstract  The main mechanism of rare-earth element Sc on the microstructure and properties of Zr–8.8Si biomaterial alloy was explored. The novel Zr–8.8Si–xSc (x=0, 5, 10 and 15 at. %) alloys were prepared by electric arc smelting with Ar protection. The microstructural and mechanical properties as well as electrochemical corrosion and tribological behaviors in artifcial saliva solution of the Zr–8.8Si–xSc alloys were systematically studied. The results show that the Zr–8.8Si–xSc alloys only consist of two-phase α-Zr and Zr3Si, Sc dissolve in α-Zr matrix to form Zr–Sc solid solution. The addition of Sc is conducive to refne microstructure, and reduce micro-pores of Zr–8.8Si alloy which lead to higher Young's modulus, compressive strength and micro-hardness. Among them, the highest value of Young's modulus is 31.5 GPa, still at a low level in biomedical alloy. The promotion of corrosion resistance can be attributed to the addition of Sc which can accelerate the formation of passive flm, slow down the appearance of pitting and reduce the accumulation of corrosion products in surface. Under the condition of sliding wear test with artifcial saliva solution, compared with Zr–8.8Si–0Sc alloy, the wear loss of samples with Sc is greatly decreased, and wear resistance is increased with increasing content of Sc. The experimental results indicate that the combination of good mechanical properties, corrosion resistance and tribological properties of Zr–8.8Si–(5, 10 and 15 at. %) Sc alloys was much better than Zr–8.8Si–0Sc alloy. Among them, the comprehensive property of Zr–8.8Si–10Sc alloy is preferable in this work. 

Keywords  Zr–8.8Si–xSc alloys · Biomedical alloy · Microstructure · Mechanical properties · Corrosion resistance · Tribological properties

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SEM micrography and the corresponding EDS mapping images of the as-cast Zr–8.8Si–10Sc alloy

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